Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia


Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia


Symptoms of Schizophrenia

Positive Symptoms

Positive Symptoms

Positive Symptoms

Negative Symptoms

Negative Symptoms

Psychomotor Symptoms

Psychosocial Factors

Schizophrenia - Treatment

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Process vs. reactive schizophrenia

 

Positive signs vs. negative signs

 

Symptoms of Schizophrenia

Disturbance of language and communication

  1. loose associations - - the most common type of thought disorder, in which people rapidly shift from one topic to another. The statements they make are inconsequential and incoherent, although the patient apparently believes they make sense
  2. neologisms - - are made up words that have meaning only to the person using them.
  3. perseveration - - repetition of words or phrases again and again
  4. clang associations - - using rhyme as a guide to formulate thoughts and statements.
  5. blocking - - involves thoughts disappearing midstream - a person will just end midway through a thought, and have the experience of losing the thought.
 

Disturbance of thought content (delusions)

there are 4 main types of delusions

  1. some people have delusions of persecution, in which they believe they are being plotted or discriminated against, spied on, slandered, threatened, attacked, or deliberately victimized
  2. some people have delusions of reference, in which they attack special, personal significance to the actions of others, or to various objects or events (messages on t.v., radio, or in the newspaper meant especially for you, messages from the way things are arranged around you)
  3. delusions of grandeur are beliefs about being someone very special, famous, or competent, or about personally having very special or important powers or abilities. So the person may believe themselves to be a messiah, religious savior, a person from history such as Napoleon, or simply feel that they have extra special powers and abilities
  4. delusions of control are beliefs that oneís impulses, feelings, thoughts, and actions are being controlled by other people.
 

Disruption of perception (hallucinations)

 

Disturbance of affect and emotion

 

Confused sense of self

 

Disrupted volition

 

Retreat to an inner world

 

Disturbed motor behavior

    1. catatonic stupor - - people become totally unresponsive to their environment, remaining motionless and silent for long stretches of time
    2. catatonic rigidity - - occurs when the person remains very rigid, in an upright posture for hours at a time, resisting all efforts to be moved
    3. catatonic posturing - - involves assuming awkward, bizarre positions for long periods of time (may show "waxy flexibility")
    4. catatonic excitement - - the opposite of other forms of catatonia, involving the excited movement of limbs, waving arms and legs wildly